Even for there to be an electorate that is capable of thinking independently, you need that electorate to be educated. Written and hosted by best-selling guidebook author Rick Steves, each half-hour show takes viewers to Europe's most interesting places, from great cities to … Francesca grew up hearing stories of Mussolini. Mussolini: …è già stata consegnata agli ambasciatori… ["it has already been delivered to the ambassadors…"], They interrupted his speeches with chants of "Duce, Duce, Duce" — "leader.". Andreas: One of the things that you can do to make sure that something like this will not happen here or in other countries is not trust people that promise you very easy answers for very complicated problems. All the full length Rick Steves Europe PBS Episodes that I could find. Special attention is paid to Nürnberg's role in the Nazi movement, including the construction and use of the Rally Grounds, where Hitler's largest demonstrations took place. Rick Steves' Europe: Greece, Turkey, Portugal Blu-ray disc Travel Documentary Condition: Like NewDetails: DVD and case in like new condition. A few years ago, while walking the beaches at Normandy and making a pilgrimage to concentration camps in Poland, it occurred to me that the last of those candles are flickering out. It's felt in the German concentration camp memorials. To bring a visual celebration of the power of the Nazi state to all 70 million Germans. I love all of Michael Palin's travel documentaries; "Pole to Pole" is my favorite. But when you bundle them together, they become very strong. Hitler was a powerful, mesmerizing speaker. Germany knows the importance of a well-informed electorate. See more ideas about documentaries, history videos, rick steves travel. This planned city is the architectural embodiment of fascism. Tested and plays well in my player. Francesca: In fascism, belligerence is celebrated. But the democratically elected government fought back, and the nation descended into a bloody civil war. A Communist needs an enormous bookshelf — he needs to start with Marx and Engels; he goes through Lenin; he has dozens of books up until the present day. Thomas: Imagine — 50,000 leading Nazis in here. Alfio: Costruire, costruire, costruire. We explore the still-stern remains of fascist societies and ponder the powerful memorials built in the wake of their defeat. Italy, under Mussolini, invaded Ethiopia and Albania. In 1939, Germany invaded Poland, and World War II began. The Nazi's bookshelf has Mein Kampf. Feb 3, 2020 - Explore Carmen Wende's board "VIDEOS" on Pinterest. Andreas: And of course, people knew about concentration camps in Germany — for political enemies — and they were supposed to know, so they would keep their mouths shut. It's very nicely filmed, and shows us a lot of attractions. And the people followed. About two thousand years ago Roman soldiers executed Jesus of Nazareth. Learn about Rick Steves' small-group tours with more than 40 great itineraries for 2021! Francesca, who works almost full time with my tours when in Rome, has contributed generously to my guidebooks. Their nation was humiliated with especially harsh terms of surrender — including an Allied demand for Germany to pay costly war reparations. A bull — symbol of Spain — ponders it all, watching over a mother and her dead baby — a modern pietà. Birkenau is on a much bigger scale and mostly outdoors, with the infamous guard tower, a vast field with ruins of barracks, a few tourable rough barracks, the notorious "dividing platform," a giant monument flanked by remains of destroyed crematoria, and a prisoner processing facility called "the Sauna.". The economy was horrible — people needed jobs…terrible inflation wiped out savings…it took literally a wheelbarrow of nearly worthless currency to buy a loaf of bread. Catch Metro line A to Flaminio, then tram #2 to the end of the line (Piazza Mancini) — or, if you're coming from Termini station, take bus #910; from the Vatican, take bus #32 from Piazza Risorgimento. As a child traveling in Europe, I met a piano player who was a concentration camp survivor. Hitler may have stoked Germany's economy and put people back to work. Then we'll set sail for Orkney's 20th-century wartime harbor at Scapa Flow. Then we'll head over to Sintra to explore its fanciful castles and ramparts with grand views. Full stop. Holger: For him, it was clear his scapegoat was the Jews. For the Nazis, the city that most embodied their sense of national unity was Nürnberg. It's designed to cause people to think and to ponder this horrible chapter in human history. In Greece, we get familiar with the old port of Nafplio and explore the Peloponnese Peninsula before plunging into frenetic, sprawling Athens. He energized Rome with grand projects like this Olympic stadium [the Stadio dei Marmi], which is still in use today. In each episode, he travels to the continent of Europe, documenting his experiences along the way. Explore Europe with Rick Steves' travel guide to the best destinations and recommended sights, things to do, tips, and videos along with much more travel information. Francesca: So, the Palace of the Italian Civilization was intended as a celebration of the Italian people and their many talents. It was the beginning of Hitler's "Final Solution. Those early Nazis found a natural base here in Munich. Hitler: …weil ich zwei Schichten kannte, den Bauer und den deutschen Arbeiter. Francesca: He promised an Italy that would be great, that would be modern, that would be finally unified. The Anne Frank House in Amsterdam humanizes the horror of the Holocaust through the story of just one of its more than 10 million victims. It's travel on TV, as viewers have come to expect from the Rick Steves brand...and much more. The memory of these dark times is as important as ever. Georg: So Hitler promised jobs, jobs, jobs, to everybody, and of course people needed jobs. Not in 10 years, but now. It's the one and only [figure] people believe in. We'll trace fascism's roots during the turbulent aftermath of World War I as masses of angry people rose up, the rise of charismatic leaders who manipulated that anger, the totalitarian societies they built, and the brutal measures they used to enforce their ideology. Experience Greece, Turkey, Israel and Egypt with Rick Steves, best-selling travel author and host of public television shows. Francesca: So, if you bring all of these elements together, a moment of crisis, a strong leader who knows how to take advantage of the fear and you don't have a really true press where there's no exchange of opinions, I think there's a possibility for these things to happen again. The Life of Apostle Paul with Rick Steves I recorded this documentary in 2004 in Greece and Turkey while working for the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Seven thousand Jewish businesses were damaged or destroyed, and over a thousand synagogues were burned. Not even journalists were independent to write exactly what they wanted to. Make citizens more than consumers, and very importantly, having media that are not biased. Along the way, we'll visit poignant sights throughout Europe relating to fascism, and talk with Europeans whose families lived through those times. Popular with my readers, Francesca understandably books up quickly; if she's busy, she'll recommend one of her colleagues. Travelling or based outside United States? As we've seen through the story of fascism in Europe, charismatic leaders rose to power through the democratic process and then seized extra-constitutional power by unlawful means. Today Germany deals responsibly with the legacy of pain it brought Europe. Italy was still a young nation, having only united in 1871. These powerful sights — the physical remains of that period — inspired me to weave their important lessons into this one-hour special. And both great fascist commanders met gruesome ends. Reviewed in the United States on March 14, 2020. Goebbels used every means available to him. Francesca: Democracy is fragile, and it should not be taken for granted, so to defend it I think is important. Finally, the Nazi capital of Berlin was liberated by Soviet troops. Next up on Jan. 18, it’s Italy’s Cinque Terre. The evils of fascism were incremental. The book remains potent to this day — particularly for Germans, like Andreas Clemens. At the D-Day memorials in northern France [such as the WWII Normandy American Cemetery, shown here], we try to appreciate the sacrifice it took to defeat the hateful ideology and re-establish freedom. The first was medieval — it was called the "Holy Roman Empire." Although there's no clue in the title, it was filmed in Sicily, at Mondello Beach outside Palermo. He blamed Germany's problems on scapegoats — like Jews and Communists…fears that the Communist Revolution in Russia would spread to Germany. Click to copy the fixed iFrame Copy . In this one-hour special, Rick travels back a century to learn how fascism rose and then fell in Europe — taking millions of people with it. Hitler became known by a new title that meant he was their leader, their Führer. If it's fogged in (which it often is), most people won't find it worth coming up here (except on David and Christine Harper's tours, which can make the building come to life even without a view). Shop Rick's Travel Store . Alfio: So, Italians are happy at that moment because they'd come from the pure chaos of 1918–1919 to having jobs, and having a society that "apparently" works. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. In three years of fighting, hundreds of thousands of Spaniards died. Andreas: Of course, these autobahns were empty, because until the war started hardly anybody could afford the cars. In this one-hour special, Rick travels back a century to learn how fascism rose and then fell in Europe — taking millions of people with it. Fixed iFrame Width: in pixels px Height: in pixels px. Andreas: He specifically blamed one group, the Jewish people, for ruining things for everybody else. Along the way, we'll talk with Europeans whose families lived through those times…. Travel Forum: All Topics. On a nice day, the views are magnificent. And perhaps the most far-reaching was the new medium of radio. A man who is physically strong, proud, disciplined, but is also willing to support the fascist dogma: believe, obey, fight. And if you take freedom for granted, you can lose it. Francesca: He certainly had a vision of himself as a Man of Genius with a capital G — a man who had a superior vision of society and the world. Nürnberg, so steeped in German history, was nicknamed the "most German of German cities." Rick: And this, I would imagine, lays out the main points of the fascist future. "Fascism in Europe" — while chillingly engaging and thrilling to watch — also has a practical purpose: to help us learn from Europe's experience and to show how, even today, would-be autocrats follow the same playbook in their attempts to derail democracies. WWII history buffs should allow an extra hour for the various 10-minute videos that play continuously throughout the exhibit, offering excellent insights into the mass hypnosis of the German nation. In reality, Obersalzberg was home to a huge compound of 80 buildings — connected by extensive bunkers — where the major decisions leading up to World War II were hatched (some of which are open to visitors as the Obersalzberg Documentation Center and Bunker). England's Cornwall. Rick Steves Tours. Alfio: The Communist Party was a threat during the end of World War I, and actually the Fascist Party was formed because of the clashes. You'll see actual artifacts: the secret bookcase entry, Anne's movie-star cutouts on the wall, and her diaries. While the whole world had gotten a preview of the horrors of modern warfare in Spain, that was just the beginning. Copied! The speaker proclaimed the greatness of Italy and promised them a glorious future. Their followers hour round-trip from the Allied powers — each tattooed with an ID —. It all, watching over a thousand years ago Roman soldiers executed Jesus Nazareth! 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